Compared to Western-European countries, the adoption of Christianity, the founding of the state, then the establishment of the inherent western-type state administration has begun in the Hungarian Kingdom several hundred years later, from the 11th Century. From the middle of the 16th Century, this process was wrecked right away by the losing wars against the Ottoman Empire, followed by the subjection to the Habsburg Empire.
Armed, blood-stumbled fighting against oppressive powers, the Revolution and War of Independence in 1848–1849 or the 1956 Revolution against the Soviet Empire have all increased the determination of the nation for implementing a successful economic policy.
Hungary, losing in World War I and II, came into the Soviet Union’s sphere of influence, but was able to hold the position of the “happiest barrack” and “showcase country” within the Soviet-type planned economy system. Financial aspects of a raw market economy following the disintegration of the socialist world system, as well as that of an active state operation after 2010 may both provide interesting pieces of information to those interested in this country with a rich, but hectic economic history.
CSABA LENTNER (1962, Pápa, Hungary), full professor, Dr. habil, CSc, PhD, CPA Finances & Accounting, is head of the Public Finances Research Institute at the Faculty of Political Sciences and Administration of the National University of Public Service. He is a member of the Future Research Committee of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences and vice-president of the Association of Management and Scientific Societies. He has been visiting professor and research fellow in Cambridge, at the Sorbonne University in Paris, at Minzu University in Beijing, in the Bank of England, in the FedCenter in Washington, as well as at Zhitomir University in Ukraine. Csaba Lentner is a private professor of the University of Kaposvár, and honorary professor of Szent István University in Gödöllő.
He was graduated at the Budapest University of Economics in 1989. He acquired a university doctorate degree in 1991, as well as passed exams to become an auditor and tax advisor. In 1995 he was awarded by a candidate’s degree in economic sciences at the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. His habilitation in public finances took place in 2003.
In 2013, he was given the Wekerle Sándor Scientific Lifetime Achievement Award for putting the new type of finances practice in a scientific system and his school-building activity. In 2018, he received the Officers’ Cross of the Hungarian Order of Merit state award as recognition of his diverse academic teaching and publishing work for the development of Hungarian finance and economics.
Also from the Author in English:
Hungary in the Changing World (with Hihály Patai and László Parragh), Éghajlat Publishing, Budapest, 2019.
“The author, with a thorough research of the last one-and-a-half century’s history, presents a stunningly detailed analysis of the Hungarian public finances’ historical development. In this tour-de-force of scholarship, the author continues and adapts to our knowledge and practical experience such historical predecessors’ works as István Szécheny, Ignác Romsics, József Kelemen, Gyula Kautz, István Bibó, Dani Rodrik, John M. Keynes, Adam Smith and others.”
Prof. Ernő HUSZTI, Public Finance Quarterly
“Csaba Lentner’s preparedness and diligence has been proven by his monographic works on both the monetary and the budgetary aspects of public finance. His publications, now close to five hundred, are often cited by other authors. … This volume, written in clear style and from a solid perspective, is and will be for a long time, a groundbreaking work.”
Prof. Árpád KOVÁCS, Economic Review
ECOnOMY AnD FInAnCE • VOL. 7. ISS. 1 • MARCH 2020 • DOI: 10.33908/EF.2020.1.5